Special Component Programme-(SCP)
It is one of the running schemes of rural works department, Government of Bihar. Special assistance has been provided to the rural areas for their betterment and best future perspectives. In rural areas these deprived classes are most sufferers in lack of proper connectivity through roads. Few villages of some districts and blocks are even today untouched because of the all weather connectivity roads.Government is aiming to built up a strong bond now on wards to these locations and assuring a faster growth on this front.
Special Component Plan(SCP) was initiated by government as intervention strategies during seventies to cater exclusively to Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). Such plans are meant to ensure benefits to these special groups by guaranteeing funds from all related development sectors both at State and Centre in proportion to the size of their respective population. Government of India also extends Special Central Assistance (SCA) to states and UTs as additive to SCP.(Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment provides 100% grant under Central Sector Scheme of SCA to SCP as additive to SCP to States/UTs).
The strategy of SCSP consists in important interventions through planning process for social,educational and economic development of Scheduled Castes and also for improvement in their working and living conditions.
It is geared toward staking up family oriented income generating schemes, elimination of exploitation, human resource development through education & training and infrastructure development. SCP programmes are financed from (a) TSP funds from State /U.T Plans and Central Ministries/Departments, (b) Special Central Assistance (SCA) to TSP (c) Grants under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution to States/U.Ts (d) Funds through Central Sector Schemes/ Centrally Sponsored Schemes and (f) Institutional Finance.
Guidelines issued by Planning Commission for formulation, implementation and monitoring of SCP emphasize, inter-alia, on earmarking funds towards SCP in proportion to population of SC and ST respectively, creating dedicated unit for proper implementation and separate budget-head/sub-heads for making funds non divertible and approval for plans of Central Ministries/Departments/State Governments being conditional on adherence to implementation of SCP. Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Ministry of Tribal Affairs periodically review and monitor SCP and TSP respectively.