Minimum Needs Programme- (MNP)
Bihar is a rural state.Maximum number of people of Bihar reside in Villages, and their main occupation is farming .For development of any area, road is the more important factor.
The main objective of Minimum Need Program is to provide roads for villages/ tolas to connect all weather roads. According to India census 2001 there is 39032 villages in Bihar state. Some of the villages are large in geographical areas and population.Some of the tolas in villages may be separated from each other, and they need different connectivity.
In five year plans of Bihar government under these program 765 roads and 36 bridges is approved. From them 3050 km length of road and 27 bridges is constructed.
There are 10500 km different roads in Bihar. Almost 17000 km road is constructed by the road construction department, and the remaining roads construction are responsibilities of Rural works Department.
In MNP Scheme, villages road which is constructed earlier and it is in bad condition, or the size of the road is to be increased is given preference for it. More than 500 meters of unconnected villages/tolas are connected to Main road. To connect all weather roads to other village road is counting in to connectivity road.
In present where village road is available, it is not come under in Minimum Need Program. To maintenance the road which is in bad condition and increase the width of already constructed road are given preference in this program.